This Image above is of Hinemihi, A Maori Marae built by master carver Wero Taroi and assisted by Tene Waitere. Hinemihi was built in Te Wairoa in 1881 near the Pink and White Terraces near Mount Tarawera. Originally, this Marae was supposed to have been a meeting house for tribal gathering and also a venue to entertain visitors during the early days of New Zealand tourism. After the eruption of Mount Tarawera in 1886, Hinemihi was sold to Lord Onslow, the Governor General of New Zealand who relocated her to his estate at Clandon Park in England where the photo above was taken and has been there from 1892. People connect with her through genealogy she is their Whare tupuna. The Maori tribe of Ngati Ranana have adopted her and their own as their Marae. Children stage Kapa Haka and Pacific dance performances and hold an annual Kohanga Reo hangi. Although this Whare has and is being used for many different things like a boat shed, a storage room and a momento of paradise to the Onslow Family, All of identity has stayed intact even though she is physically dislocated from her tribal origins she still has stayed present in tribal memory and kept alive by Ngati Ranana. Therefore being able to give rise to new ideas and concepts in current debates. (Schwarzpaul 45)
I found an article on Stuff.co.nz by Hannah Mckee in October 2016 about Hinemihi, The meeting place away from home. Hannah Mckee interviewed Jim Schuster, The great, Great grandson of the carver Ene Waitere, Jim visited Hinemihi in England when he first visited in 1993. It was a very emotional time for him. Hinemihi still is’nt on home land where she belongs. “We wouldn’t say no if they offered it to us, but I think we’ll always have to wait for them to make the decision, I don’t think we can jump up and down to fight and get her back because they legally bought her and to get anything out of the National Trust you’ve got to change English law, so it would be difficult.” said Schuster. This comment just shows that the way of Maori art from more than 120 years ago, are more seen as art instead of the family/Whakapapa meeting house and might not ever be back on home soil as she was fairly bought back in 1892.
Maori Art has changed over the years. stated in ‘The Representation of the Maori by European Artists in New Zealand” by Leonard Bell, Maori cultural art is seen to have changed because of the way that Europeans depicted the art. Leonard states in his writing that artwork made was generally based around Maori myths just like the examples in the reading. Artwork done by colonials is more true and realistic because of the way that the Europeans have changed the outlook on the Maori by color and differences. In the reading “Cultural safety” Written by G. Burke. The issue of cultural difference is stated. I think this could be related to the Europeans not being able to fully get the Maori Art knowledge and history known completely. Because of this, the Tourism industry. Tourism in New Zealand has been fundamental in the shaping of New Zealand ever since the arrive of the Europeans. Artwork has been distorted by the Europeans not knowing and viewing everything from the Maori Culture properly, therefore the Maori Art is different and not the same as it used to be.
Bell, Leonard ‘The Representation of the Maori by European Artists in New Zealand” 1890-1914 Art Journal Vol 49. No. 2, Depictions of the Dispossessed (Summer, 1990) pp 142-149
Engels-Schwarzpaul, A-Chr, and K-A. Wikiteria. “Take me away… in search of original dwelling.” (2010).
MCKEE, HANNAH. “Hinemihi, The Maori Meeting House Far Away From Home.” Stuff. N.p., 2017. Web. 26 Aug. 2017. http://www.stuff.co.nz/entertainment/arts/85241386/hinemihi-the-maori-meeting-house-far-away-from-home